Over the last 70 years, China’s average ground temperatures have increased substantially faster than the world average, and will stay “significantly higher” in the future as the difficulties of climate change escalate, according to a government official.

China’s meteorological bureau identified the nation as “a sensitive region in global climate change” in its annual climate assessment issued this week, with temperatures increasing 0.26 degrees Celsius (0.47 degrees Fahrenheit) every decade since 1951, compared to the worldwide average of 0.15 degrees.

“In the future, the increase in regional average temperatures in China will be significantly higher than the world,” Yuan Jiashuang, vice-director of China’s National Climate Center (NCC), said during a briefing on Wednesday.

He cautioned that altering weather patterns in China will disrupt water resource balances, render ecosystems more susceptible, and diminish food production.

In recent weeks, extreme weather has wrought havoc, with prolonged heatwaves triggering droughts and forest fires throughout the globe. High rainfall has historically triggered fatal floods in various nations. 

Last month, United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres cautioned that “no nation is immune” to climate change, and that the world must now choose between “collective action or collective suicide”

Temperatures in southern Yunnan and northern Hebei have already exceeded 44 degrees Celsius (111 degrees Fahrenheit).

According to NCC statistics, 131 Chinese weather stations reported temperatures that equaled or above historical highs, up from 62 for the whole year previous year.

According to China’s 2021 climate assessment, coastal water levels were at their highest since 1980 last year. Glacial retreat has also intensified, active permafrost along the Qinghai-Tibet Highway has reached an all-time high, and sea ice has continued to recede.

China also observed a 7.9 percent rise in vegetation cover in 2021 compared to the 2001-2020 average, and the evaluation highlighted that numerous plant growth periods are beginning earlier each year.

Source: Reuters


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