According to a 10-year estimate for global agriculture, global food consumption would rise by 1.4 percent per year over the next decade, with the majority of the increase concentrated in low to middle-income nations.
Also according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development report, agricultural exports from Russia and Ukraine play an essential role in global food security. According to the research, Russia and Ukraine are the world’s first and fifth biggest wheat exporters, accounting for 20% and 10% of worldwide exports, respectively.
“These rising prices of food, fertilizer, feed and fuel, as well as tightening financial conditions are spreading human suffering across the world,” FAO Director-General QU Dongyu said. “An estimated 19 million more people could face chronic undernourishment globally in 2023, if the reduction of global food production and food supply from major exporting countries, including Russia and Ukraine, results in lower food availability hitting worldwide.”
Changes in food demand and diet will be mostly determined by income levels. According to the research, nations with lower incomes are likely to eat mostly basic foods, and food consumption is not expected to rise enough to meet the United Nations’ sustainable development target of Zero Hunger by 2030.
Middle-income nations are likely to consume more food, particularly fats and animal proteins. Sugar and animal protein intake are most likely to decline in high-income countries owing to health and environmental concerns.
Demand for first generation biofuel feedstocks is predicted to fall over the next decade owing to a lack of legislative incentives and a decline in fuel usage in European Union nations. However, due to growing demand, India and Indonesia are likely to boost their usage of biofuel.
Over the next decade, yield gains are expected to account for 80 percent of worldwide agricultural output growth. Cropland expansion is estimated to account for 15% of the increase. Cropland increase will be centered in Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa.