According to recent study, limiting carbon emissions to moderate temperature increase might avoid up to 6,000 infant deaths in Africa each year.
A team of international scientists led by the University of Leeds in collaboration with researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) has demonstrated that limiting temperature increases to the Paris Agreement’s 1.5oC target through 2050 could prevent thousands of heat-related child deaths.
However, if high emissions persist, heat-related infant fatalities in Sub-Saharan Africa might quadruple by mid-century.
Their study, which was published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, calculated the effect of climate change on yearly heat-related fatalities among children under the age of five in Sub-Saharan Africa between 1995 and 2050.
According to the data, heat-related infant mortality has been at least twice what it would have been without climate change since about 2009.
Heat-related mortality increased owing to climate change induced by human activities and population expansion exceeded heat-related death decreases due to development-related improvements such as enhanced healthcare and sanitation measures.
The authors emphasize the need of immediate climate change prevention and adaptation efforts focusing on children’s health.