Two additional ships carrying maize and soybeans left Ukrainian Black Sea ports on Monday, according to Turkey and Ukraine, bringing the total to ten since the first ship left last week under a deal with Russia to unblock Ukrainian grain exports.
The deal was reached last month after the United Nations and Turkey warned that a halt in grain supplies triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine may lead to serious food shortages and even outbreaks of hunger in areas of the world.
According to Turkey’s defense ministry, the Sacura, which left Pivdennyi, is bringing 11,000 tonnes of soybeans to Italy, while the Arizona, which left Chornomorsk, is delivering 48,458 tonnes of corn to Iskenderun in southern Turkey.
Separately, the Polarnet, which left on Friday, arrived in northwestern Turkey’s Derince on Monday morning to be unloaded, completing the first shipment since exports were re-launched.
According to a Reuters calculation of statistics from Turkey’s defense ministry, around 243,000 tonnes of corn had been shipped from Ukraine on seven ships since the initial departure on Aug. 1.
The remaining ships were carrying 11,000 tonnes of soybeans, 6,000 tonnes of sunflower oil, and 45,000 tonnes of sunflower meal.
Oleksandr Kubrakov, Ukraine’s infrastructure minister, said the two most recent ships left on Monday, adding that Pivdennyi, the third Ukrainian port engaged in the arrangement, was finally operational as part of the project.
Kubrakov earlier stated that the opening of Pivdennyi will increase Ukraine’s total export capacity to three million tonnes per month.
Ukraine exported up to six million tonnes of grain per month from its ports on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov coasts during peacetime.
The four ships that departed Ukraine on Sunday are due to arrive in Istanbul on Monday evening, according to Turkey’s defense ministry, and will be inspected on Tuesday.
Prior to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine for what it deems a “special military operation” the two countries accounted for about one-third of world wheat exports.
The restart of grain shipments is being controlled by a Joint Coordination Centre (JCC) in Istanbul, which is staffed by Russian, Ukrainian, Turkish, and United Nations employees.
According to Refinitiv ship tracker data, the Razoni, the first ship to depart, was supposed to arrive in Lebanon on Sunday but is currently at anchor off Turkey’s southern coast.
The Fulmar S, the first foreign-flagged bulk ship to arrive at the Black Sea port of Chornomorsk since the conflict, was ready for loading on Sunday, according to Ukraine’s Infrastructure Ministry.
The Osprey S, a second ship bound for Ukraine, was examined in Istanbul on Sunday and was expected to arrive in Ukraine on Monday morning, according to Refinitiv data.