A four-year evaluation by 82 top scientists determined that taking into consideration all of the advantages nature offers to people and rethinking what it means to have a “good quality of life” is critical to living sustainably on Earth.

According to a UN study, a market-based concentration on short-term profits and economic development has resulted in unwise judgments that have lowered people’s welfare and contributed to climatic and environmental disasters. Qualitative techniques must be included into decision making in order to achieve sustainable development.

According to the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services report, this entails appropriately recognizing the spiritual, cultural, and emotional qualities that nature provides to mankind (Ipbes). The evaluation comprises almost 13,000 references, including scholarly studies as well as indigenous and local sources of knowledge. It was done in partnership with social science, economics, and humanities professionals.

The research expands on the Dasgupta analysis, which concluded that economics fails to account for the full worth of nature, putting the Earth at “extreme risk.” According to the paper, incorporating multiple worldviews and knowledge systems will be critical to achieving a more sustainable future.

The review emphasizes four general perspectives that should be considered: “living from nature,” which refers to its ability to provide us with our needs such as food and material goods; “living with nature,” which refers to non-human life’s right to thrive; “living in nature,” which refers to people’s right to a sense of place and identity; and finally, “living as nature,” which treats the world as a spiritual part of being human.

Despite the fact that there are 50 distinct ways and approaches for making the value of nature evident in choices, researchers discovered that the way stakeholders valued nature was only taken into consideration in 2% of studies. Moving ahead, various technologies are available to make the virtues of nature accessible, and they must be applied, according to the authors. One method is to use citizen assemblies, which represent a particular people’s sociology and allow them to debate their values, interests, and understandings. A lot of nations are experiencing this at the national level.

Source: The Guardian

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